Judea is a much loved shape-note composition by William Billings, widely regarded as the father of American choral music. He was an untrained musician by today’s standards who dedicated his life to writing hymns and teaching ‘singing-schools’ in the rural parts of new england in the late 1700’s. Recently this tune has been recorded by two high profiles classical ensembles interested in performing ‘early music’ – listen to The Tudor Choir and The Rose Ensemble.
Here is a rough demo I recorded for our singers to learn the song and the sheet music we used.
Billings often wrote music and lyrics for many of his compositions – I love how his rough prose captures the scene in Luke 2 in a more authentic way then many of our either over-sentimentalized or ‘refined’ carols do. Certainly the angels would not have sung “Gloria in Excelsis Deo” to a bunch of dirty, outsider shepherds. Billings reminds us that the incarnation’s entrance was nothing if not a humble affair –
As shepherds in Jewry were guarding their sheep,
Promiscusly seated estranged from sleep;
An Angel from heaven presented to view,
And thus he accosted the trembling few.
Billings’ style was largely the inspiration for our version of “On a Hill in Bethlehem” which I’ll post today or tomorrow.